viernes, 8 de junio de 2012

Usos del verbo to be: 3. Existencia de personas, animales y cosas


Existencia de personas, animales y cosas
Para  expresar la existencia de personas, animales y cosas se usa: el verbo to be precedido del adverbio de lugar “there”. El verbo to be definirá en que tiempo verbal está la oración o pregunta y en que número (singular o plural).

a.     En presente:
·        There is: Hay (Presente. Singular)
There is a car in the garaje. (Hay un carro en el garage)
·        There are: Hay (Presente. Plural)
There are four (4) cars in the garaje. (Hay cuatro carros en el garage)

         
b.    En pasado:
·        There was: Había (Pasado. Singular)
There was a dog in my house yesterday. (Había un perro en mi casa ayer)
·        There were: Habían (Pasado. Plural)
There were two (2) roses in our garden last spring. (Habían dos rosas en nuestro jardín la primavera pasada)


c.     En futuro: Se usa el verbo to be en su forma simple (be)
·       There will be: Habrá (singular y plural)
Singular: There will be a meeting tomorrow (Habrá una reunión mañana)
Plural: There will be two (2) tests next week (Habrán dos pruebas la próxima semana)

   
d.    Presente perfecto: Se usa el verbo to be en participio pasado (been) precedido del verbo “have” actuando como auxiliar.
·       There has been: Ha habido (singular)
There has been a lot of snow (Ha habido bastante nieve)
*La nieve aunque puede ser mucha, es algo incontable, por lo tanto se toma como singular.
There has been a class (Ha habido una clase)
·       There have been: Han habido (plural)
     There have been three (3) students today. (Han habido tres estudiantes hoy)

6 comentarios:

  1. Para comentar debes hacerte miembro primero :)

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    Respuestas
    1. Balduz Osmerly, Sandova Luimarl, Perez Carmen, Ramirez Sugey

      We want to write some sentences, congratulations for your side, we can learn in a easy way. let´s see other examples:

      1. There is a fly in my soup.
      2. There are two stairs in my house.
      3. There was a stranger in my school yesterday.
      4. There were two English teachers in my school last year.
      5. There will be a concert next saturday.
      6. There will be many people in this concert.
      7. There has been a webcam in the other classroom.
      8. there has been a lot of wind.
      9. There have been many problems in my school.
      10. There is a book on my bed.

      Questions:

      1. Is there a girl in the park?
      Yes, there is a girl in the park.
      No, there isn´t a girl in the park.
      2. Are there 39 students in the classroom?
      Yes, there are 39 students in the classroon.
      No there aren´t 39 students in the classroom,
      3. Was there a snake in my bedroom?
      Yes, there was a snake in my bedroom.
      No, there wasn´t a snake in my bedroom.
      4. were there six apples in the fridge?
      Yes,there were six apples in the fridge.
      No, there weren´t six apples in the fridge.
      5. Is there a math teacher in my school?
      Yes, there is a math teacher in my school.
      No,there isn´t a math teacher in my school.

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    2. Excelent examples! Congratulations! Balduz Osmerly, Sandoval Luimar, Perez Carmen, and Ramirez Sugey :)

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  2. two senteces

    1)There are three apples in my room
    2)There will be a concert next week

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